The Monkey Guide

The Monkey Guide

Luke Land

There are many animals in the world; 8.7 million to be exact. Out of all these species, monkeys are just a few of them. This monkey guide will give you everything you need to know about monkeys, from general facts, specific facts about certain species of monkeys, and other random facts, as well.

–       General

o   264 types of monkeys

o   They’re categorized into two groups

  • New World – Central and South America
  • Old World – Africa and Asia

o   They groom each other to strengthen relationships

o   New world monkeys have prehensile tails, which are long tails that can grip onto things like branches

o   They can understand numbers, and few and do multiplications

o   The newest breed of monkey discovered is Lesula monkey, 2007

o   The tip of the tail is bare skin, which acts like human fingertip

o   The fastest monkey is the Patas, which can run 34 mph

o   The Owl/Night monkey is the only nocturnal New world monkey

o   Monkeys are everywhere besides Australia and Antarctica

o   They can survive 10-50 years

o   Group can be called troop, barrel, cartload, carload, and/or tribe

o   They are as smart as toddlers; they can understand numbers, and few and do multiplications

o   Apes and monkeys are similar, but not the same, kind of like distant relatives

o   There is only one breed of wild monkeys in Europe, being the Barbary Macaque

o   Not all monkeys live in trees – grasslands, high plains, and mountains

o   Monkeys are omnivores, eating fruits, insects, flowers, and leaves

o   Most New World monkeys cannot see any colors

o  o   Brazil has the most species of monkeys

o   Most common species are grivet, the rhesus macaque, and the crab-eating macaque.

o   The rarest monkey breed is the golden marmoset, with only 1500 still alive

–       Specific Monkey Facts

o   Pygmy Marmosets are the smallest species, while mandrills are the largest

  • Pygmy Marmosets can leap 15 ft into the air

o   Squirrel monkeys smear food on their tails and that act like name tags

o   Burmese sneezing monkey sneezes every time it rains

o   Monkeys in Japan groom and share food with deer in exchange for rides

o   Mandrills have longer fangs than lions

o   The Uakari is the most unique and one of the rarest monkeys on earth

  • They have red very red faces and females choose to mate with based on how red their face is

o   Spider monkeys are the most acrobatic,jumping up to 35 ft

o   The Diana money is named after the Roman goddess, Artemis, the goddess of hunting

o   The male Howler monkey has the loudest call of all monkeys

o   Baboons have their own language

–       Misc. Facts

o   A woman from Colombia claims a colony of capuchin monkeys raised her

o   Apes, gibbons, lemurs, and chimpanzees are not classified as monkeys, but rather as primates

o   Humans did not come from monkeys, but they evolved from a common ancestor

o   The first monkey in space was a Rhesus Macaque named Albert

o   Ancient Egyptians considered Baboons to be sacred

  • In Ancient Egypt, baboons were police officers

o   Japanese Macaque are the only monkey breed to wash their food

  • Humans took this method from monkeys because of research in the 1940s

o   “Uncle Fat” is a monkey in Thailand that is overly fat

  • Tourists gave him junk food and soda

o   The monkey is the 9th Chinese zodiac sign

o   HIV originated from a chimpanzee’s stomach

Originally published in the Spartana Issue 8 (May 2021)